The term sinus is used commonly for sinus infection i.e. sinusitis. Sinus infections are caused by infections from pathogenic micro-organisms like virus, bacterium or fungus. The clinical features are headache, facial pressure, tenderness or pain in the sinuses, nasal stuffiness, fever, sore throat, cough, cloudy discolored drainage from nose, facial swelling etc.
According to Ayurveda the disease Pratishyay can be taken as Sinusitis. In Ayurveda there are five types of Pratishyay i.e. Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja, Raktaja, Sannipataja. Among them Vataja and Kaphaja variety are commonly seen.
The common etiologies for all types of Pratishyay are:
For Amapachana following treatments are recommended:
After the above treatment the discharge, become thick and patient feel as if something is hanging in the throat (post-nasal drip). In this condition the treatment are as follows:
If the above advises are not followed or due to severe vitiation of Vata or Kapha Dosha, it may manifest as Vattik or Kaphaj Pratishyay.
Vattik Pratisyay: if patient feel stuffiness in nose associated with, thin discharge, dryness in mouth, headache or hoarseness of voice:
In this case thick, whitish discharge occurs from nose, swelling of eye, heaviness in head, itching in head and mouth are seen.
Sannipataja Pratisyay (chronic rhinitis):
If proper treatment is not followed in time; gradually involvement of all Doshas occurs.
Prevention- seasonal Nasya Therapy as per Ayurveda is a blessing for mankind to protect the most vital part of body i.e. head from any diseases.